Index for Estate Tax:


Description

Estate Tax is a tax on the right of the deceased person to transmit his/her estate to his/her lawful heirs and beneficiaries at the time of death and on certain transfers, which are made by law as equivalent to testamentary disposition. It is not a tax on property. It is a tax imposed on the privilege of transmitting property upon the death of the owner. The Estate Tax is based on the laws in force at the time of death notwithstanding the postponement of the actual possession or enjoyment of the estate by the beneficiary.


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Tax Form

BIR Form 1801 - Estate Tax Return
Guidelines


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Documentary Requirements

Processing and Issuance of Approved ONETT Computation Sheet (OCS) of Tax Due On Estate of the Decedent

For Real Properties

Mandatory Requirements:

  • TIN of decedent and heir/s as indicated in the duly accomplished TIN Verification Slip
  • Certified true copy of the Death Certificate; (One (1) original copy and two (2) photocopies)
  • Certified true copy of Original/ Transfer/ Condominium Certificate/s of Title (OCT/TCT/CCT); [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Certified true copy of the Tax Declaration of Real Properties for land and improvement at the time of death[One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Any of the following: [One (1) original copy and two (2) photocopies]
      a. Affidavit of Self Adjudication;
      b. Deed of Extra-Judicial Settlement of the Estate, if the estate has been settled extra judicially;
      c. Court order if settled judicially; or
      d. Sworn Declaration of all properties of the Estate
  • A certified copy of the schedule of partition and the order of the court approving the same within thirty (30) days after the promulgation of such order, in case of judicial settlement. [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • CPA Statement on the itemized assets of the decedent, itemized deductions from gross estate and the amount due if the gross value of the estate exceeds five million pesos (₱ 5,000,000) for decedent’s death on or after January 1, 2018 or two million pesos (₱ 2,000,000) for decedent’s death from January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2017. [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Certification of the Barangay Captain for the claimed Family Home (If the family home is conjugal property and does not exceed Php10 Million, the allowable deduction is one-half (1/2) of the amount only); [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Duly notarized Promissory Note for "Claims Against the Estate" arising from Contract of Loan; (One (1) original copy and two (2) photocopies)
  • Accounting of the proceeds of loan contracted within three (3) years prior to death of the decedent; (One (1) original copy and two (2) photocopies)
  • Proof of the claimed "Property Previously Taxed"; (One (1) original copy and two (2) photocopies)
  • Proof of the claimed "Transfer for Public Use"; (One (1) original copy and two (2) photocopies)

Other Applicable Documents:

  • Certificate of No Improvement issued by the Assessor's Office, if the declared properties have no improvement. [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Proof of claimed tax credit; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Special Power of Attorney (SPA), if the person transacting/processing the transfer is not a party to the transaction and/or Sworn Statement, if one of the heirs is designated as executor/administrator; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Certification from the Philippine Consulate or Apostille, if DOAS and SPA were executed abroad; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Location Plan/Vicinity map if zonal value cannot be readily determined from the documents submitted; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Certificate of Exemption/BIR Ruling issued by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue or his authorized representative, if claiming tax exemption; [One (1) original copy and One (1) photocopy]
  • BIR-approved request for installment payment of Estate tax due; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • BIR-approved request for partial disposition of Estate; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Such other documents as may be required by law/rulings/regulations/etc. [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]

For Personal Properties

Mandatory Requirements:

  • TIN of decedent and heir/s; as indicated in the duly accomplished TIN Verification Slip
  • Certified true copy of the Death Certificate; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Any of the following: [One (1) original copy and two (2) photocopies]
      a. Affidavit of Self Adjudication;
      b. Deed of Extra-Judicial Settlement of the Estate, if the estate has been settled extra judicially;
      c. Court order if settled judicially; or
      d. Sworn Declaration of all properties of the Estate
  • A certified copy of the schedule of partition and the order of the court approving the same within thirty (30) days after the promulgation of such order, in case of judicial settlement; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • CPA Statement on the itemized assets of the decedent, itemized deductions from gross estate and the amount due if the gross value of the estate exceeds five million pesos (₱ 5,000,000) for decedent’s death on or after January 1, 2018 or two million pesos (₱ 2,000,000) for decedent’s death from January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2017; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Duly notarized Promissory Note for "Claims Against the Estate" arising from Contract of Loan; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Accounting of the proceeds of loan contracted within three (3) years prior to death of the decedent; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Proof of the claimed "Property Previously Taxed"; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Proof of the claimed "Transfer for Public Use" [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]

Other Applicable Documents:

  • Certificate of Deposit/ Investment/ Indebtedness owned by the decedent and the surviving spouse; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Photocopy of Certificate of Registration of vehicles and other proofs showing the correct value of the same; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Proof of valuation of shares of stock at the time of death: [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
      a. For shares of stocks not listed/not traded - Latest Audited Financial Statement of the issuing corporation with computation of the book value per share;
      b. For shares of stocks listed/traded - Price index from the PSE/latest FMV published in the newspaper at the time of transaction;
      c. For club shares - Price published in newspapers on the transaction date or nearest to the transaction date
  • Photocopy of certificate of stocks[One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Proof of valuation of other types of personal property. [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Proof of claimed tax credit; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Special Power of Attorney (SPA), if the person transacting/processing the transfer is not a party to the transaction and/or Sworn Statement if one of the heirs is designated as executor/administrator; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Certification from the Philippine Consulate, or Apostille, if DOAS and SPA were executed abroad); [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Certificate of Exemption/BIR Ruling issued by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue or his authorized representative, if claiming tax exemption; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • BIR-approved request for installment payment of Estate tax due; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • BIR-approved request for partial disposition of Estate; [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]
  • Such other documents as may be required by law/rulings/regulations/etc. [One (1) original copy and one (1) photocopy]

 

Processing and Issuance of Electronic Certificate Authorizing Registration (eCAR) for Estate of the Decedent

Mandatory Requirements:

  • Tax Returns filed with proof of payment such as: Revenue Official Receipt (ROR); Duly Validated Bank Deposit Slip with Certification from the Authorized Agent Bank (AAB) which received the tax payment; Payment Confirmation/Reference Number, if payment made thru e-Payment channel; Copy of Tax Debit Memo used as payment; Certificate of Tax Exemption; or Proof of eFiling if no payment returns; [One (1) original copy and One (1) photocopy]
  • Proof of payment of Certification Fee and loose Documentary Stamp Tax (all original copies)
  • Approved ONETT Computation Sheet (OCS) of Tax Due; [One (1) original copy for validation only and One (1) photocopy]
  • Transfer document such as Deed of Absolute Sale, Deed of Assignment etc.; [One (1) original copy for validation only and One (1) photocopy]
  • Any of the following applicable document, if the person presenting is not the party who secured the OCS/ among the parties to the transaction: [One (1) original copy and two (2) photocopies]
       a. Notarized Special Power of Attorney (SPA), if representing individual taxpayer/s;
       b. Secretary's Certificate or Board Resolution, if representing non-individual taxpayer/s;
       c. Certification from the Philippine Consulate, or Apostille, if DOAS and SPA were executed abroad

 

 


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Tax Rates

(The rate applicable shall be based on the law prevailing at the time of decedent’s death)

  • Effective January 1, 2018 to present [Republic Act (RA) No. 10963]

There shall be an imposed rate of six percent (6%) based on the value of such NET ESTATE determined as of the time of death of decedent composed of all properties, real or personal, tangible or intangible less allowable deductions.

  • Effective January 1, 1998 up to December 31, 2017 (RA No. 8424)

If the Net Estate is

Over
But not Over
The Tax Shall be
Plus
Of the Excess Over
 
P   200,000.00
Exempt
 
 
P   200,000.00
     500,000.00
0
5%
P   200,000.00
     500,000.00
  2,000,000.00
P   15,000.00
8%
     500,000.00
  2,000,000.00
  5,000,000.00
   135,000.00
11%
  2,000,000.00
  5,000,000.00
10,000,000.00
   465,000.00
15%
  5,000,000.00
10,000,000.00
 
1,215,000.00
20%
10,000,000.00
  • Effective July 28, 1992 up to December 31, 1997 (Section 77 of the NIRC, as amended (RA No. 7499)

If the Net Estate is

Over
But not Over
The Tax Shall be
Plus
Of the Excess Over
 
P   200,000.00
Exempt
 
 
P  200,000.00
     500,000.00
 
5%
P   200,000.00
    500,000.00
  2,000,000.00
P   15,000.00
8%
     500,000.00
 2,000,000.00
  5,000,000.00
   135,000.00
12%
  2,000,000.00
 5,000,000.00
10,000,000.00
   495,000.00
21%
  5,000,000.00
10,000,000.00
 
1,545,000.00
35%
10,000,000.00
  • Effective January 1, 1973 to July 27, 1992 (Section 85 of the NIRC, as amended (Presidential Decree No. 69)

If the Net Estate is

Over
But not Over
The Tax Shall be
Plus
Of the Excess Over
 
P   10,000.00
Exempt
-
-
P   10,000.00
     50,000.00
3%
-
P   10,000.00
     50,000.00
     75,000.00
P     1,200.00
4%
     50,000.00
     75,000.00
   100,000.00
       2,200.00
5%
     75,000.00
   100,000.00
   150,000.00
       3,450.00
10%
   100,000.00
   150,000.00
   200,000.00
       8,450.00
15%
   150,000.00
   200,000.00
   300,000.00
     15,950.00
20%
   200,000.00
   300,000.00
   400,000.00
     35,950.00
25%
   300,000.00
   400,000.00
   500,000.00
     60,950.00
30%
   400,000.00
   500,000.00
   625,000.00
     90,950.00
35%
   500,000.00
   625,000.00
   750,000.00
   134,700.00
40%
   625,000.00
   750,000.00
   875,000.00
   184,700.00
45%
   750,000.00
   875,000.00
1,000,000.00
   240,950.00
50%
   875,000.00
1,000,000.00
2,000,000.00
   303,450.00
53%
1,000,000.00
2,000,000.00
3,000,000.00
   833,450.00
56%
2,000,000.00
3,000,000.00
-
1,393,450.00
60%
3,000,000.00
  • Effective September 15, 1950 to December 31, 1972 (Section 85 of the NIRC, as amended (RA No. 579)

Estate and Inheritance Tax

If the Net Estate is

Over
But not Over
ESTATE
INHERITANCE
0
       5,000.00
Exempt
Exempt
       5,000.00
     12,000.00
1.00%
2%
     12,000.00
     30,000.00
2.00%
4%
     30,000.00
     50,000.00
2.50%
6%
     50,000.00
     70,000.00
3.00%
8%
     70,000.00
   100,000.00
5.00%
12%
   100,000.00
   150,000.00
7.00%
14%
   150,000.00
   250,000.00
9.00%
16%
   250,000.00
   500,000.00
11.00%
18%
   500,000.00
1,000,000.00
13%
20%
1,000,000.00
 
15%
22%
  • Effective July 1, 1939 to September 14, 1950 (Section 85 of the NIRC, as amended (Commonwealth Act No. 466)

Estate and Inheritance Tax

If the Net Estate is

Over
But not Over
ESTATE
INHERITANCE
0
3000
Exempt
1.00%
       3,000.00
     10,000.00
1.00%
     10,000.00
     30,000.00
1.50%
2.00%
     30,000.00
     50,000.00
2.00%
3.00%
     50,000.00
     80,000.00
2.50%
4.00%
     80,000.00
   110,000.00
3.00%
5.00%
   110,000.00
   150,000.00
3.50%
6.00%
   150,000.00
   190,000.00
4.00%
7.00%
   190,000.00
   240,000.00
4.50%
8.00%
   240,000.00
   290,000.00
5.00%
9.00%
   290,000.00
   350,000.00
5.50%
10.00%
   350,000.00
   420,000.00
6.00%
11.00%
   420,000.00
   500,000.00
6.50%
12.00%
   500,000.00
   600,000.00
7.00%
13.00%
   600,000.00
   720,000.00
7.50%
14.00%
   720,000.00
   850,000.00
8.00%
15.00%
   850,000.00
1,000,000.00
8.50%
16.00%
1,000,000.00
1,200,000.00
9.00%
17.00%
1,200,000.00
1,500,000.00
9.50%
17.00%
1,500,000.00
 
10.00%
17.00%

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Procedures

  • Who Shall File

The Estate Tax Return (BIR Form 1801) shall be filed in triplicate by:

1. The executor, or administrator, or any of the legal heir/s of the decedent, whether resident or non-resident of the Philippines, under any of the following situations:

a. In all cases of transfers subject to estate tax;

b. Regardless of the gross value of the estate, where the said estate consists of registered or registrable property such as real property, motor vehicle, shares of stock or other similar property for which a clearance from the BIR is required as a condition precedent for the transfer of ownership thereof in the name of the transferee; or

2. If there is no executor or administrator appointed, qualified, and acting within the Philippines, then any person in actual or constructive possession of any property of the decedent.

  • When and Where to File and Pay

The Estate Tax Return (BIR Form 1801) shall be filed within one (1) year from the decedent's death. In meritorious cases, the Commissioner shall have the authority to grant a reasonable extension not exceeding thirty (30) days for filing the return.

The return shall be filed electronically in any of the available electronic platforms [e.g., eBIR Forms, tax returns filing application/solutions of Authorized Taxpayer Service Providers (ATSPs)], and paid electronically through the available ePayment Channels or manually through any Authorized Agent Banks (AABs), Revenue Collection Officers (RCOs), , regardless of the Revenue District Office (RDO) which has jurisdiction over the One-Time Transaction (ONETT).

When the return is filed with an AAB, taxpayer must accomplish and submit BIR-prescribed deposit slip, which the bank teller shall machine validate as evidence that payment was received by the AAB. The AAB receiving the tax return shall stamp mark the word “Received’’ on the return and also machine validate the return as proof of filing the return and payment of the tax by the taxpayer, respectively. The machine validation shall reflect the date of payment, amount paid and transaction code, the name of the bank, branch code, teller’s code and teller’s initial. Bank debit memo number and date should be indicated in the return for taxpayers paying under the bank debit system.

The venue for the processing and issuance of eCAR, regardless of where the tax return and the tax payments were made, shall be at the RDO which has jurisdiction over the issued Taxpayer Identifcation Number (TIN) of the Estate of the Decedent.

If the decedent has registered business, the eCAR shall be processed by the RDO where the business is registered since it is where the TIN for the decedent shall likewise be secured.

In case the decedent has no registered business, the TIN may be secured from the RDO where the administrator or heirs intend to apply for the issuance of eCAR.

If the decedent has no legal residence in the Philippines, the eCAR shall be processed by the Office of the Commissioner (RDO No. 39, South Quezon City).

Taxpayers who will need BIR's assistance in the computation of tax pertaining to ONETT are encouraged to proceed with the RDO which has jurisdiction over the ONETT to secure approved ONETT Computation Sheet.

In case the available cash of the estate is insufficient to pay the total estate tax due, payment by installment shall be allowed within two (2) years from the statutory date for its payment without civil penalty and interest upon approved by the concerned BIR Official.

The due date on filing and payment of the return/tax shall depend on the applicable law at the time of the decedent’s death.

  • Extension to File and Pay

When the Commissioner of Internal Revenue finds that the payment on the due date of the estate tax or of any part thereof would impose undue hardship upon the estate or any of the heirs, he may extend the time for payment of such tax or any part thereof not to exceed five (5) years, in case the estate is settled through the courts, or two (2) years in case the estate is settled extra-judicially. In such case, the amount in respect of which the extension is granted shall be paid on or before the date of the expiration of the period of the extension, and the running of the Statute of Limitations for assessment as provided in Section 203 of the National Internal Revenue Code shall be suspended for the period of any such extension.

Where the taxes are assessed by reason of negligence, intentional disregard of rules and regulations, or fraud on the part of the taxpayer, no extension will be granted by the Commissioner.

If an extension is granted, the Commissioner of Internal Revenue or his duly authorized representative may require the executor, or administrator, or beneficiary, as the case may be, to furnish a bond in such amount, not exceeding double the amount of tax and with such sureties as the Commissioner deems necessary, conditioned upon the payment of the said tax in accordance in the terms of extension.

The application for extension of time to file the estate tax return must be filed with the Revenue District Officer (RDO) where the estate is required to secure its Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) and file the tax returns of the estate. The application shall be approved by the Commissioner or his duly authorized representative.


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Related Revenue Issuances

Revenue Regulations (RR) Nos.  2-2003,  6-2013,  6-2014,  12-2018, 4-2024

Revenue Memorandum Order (RMO) Nos. 26-82, 31-82,  15-2003,  35-2018 

Revenue Memorandum Circular (RMC) Nos. 1-98,  34-2013, 56-2024 

OPM-AS-APMD 2017-06-06

OPM-AS-APMD 2017-06-01

Related Laws

Commonwealth Act No. 466 – effective July 1, 1939

Republic Act No. 579 – effective September 15, 1950

Republic Act No. 6110 – effective August 4, 1969

Presidential Decree No. 69 – effective January 1, 1973

Presidential Decree No. 1773 – effective January 16, 1981

Presidential Decree No. 1994 – effective January 1, 1986

Republic Act No. 7499 – effective July 28, 1992|

Republic Act No. 8424 – effective January 1, 1998

Republic Act No. 10963 – effective January 1, 2018 


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Codal Reference

Sec. 22 to 27 of the Tax Reform Acceleration and Inclusion Act (TRAIN Law)
Sec. 84 to Sec. 97 of the National Internal Revenue Code (NIRC) of 1997


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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are included in gross estate?

A. For resident alien decedents/citizens:

  • Real or immovable property, wherever located
  • Tangible personal property, wherever located
  • Intangible personal property, wherever located

B. For non-resident decedent/non-citizens:

  • Real or immovable property located in the Philippines
  • Tangible personal property located in the Philippines
  • Intangible personal property - with a situs in the Philippines such as:
  • Franchise which must be exercised in the Philippines
  • Shares, obligations or bonds issued by corporations organized or constituted in the Philippines
  • Shares, obligations or bonds issued by a foreign corporation 85% of the business of which is located in the Philippines
  • Shares, obligations or bonds issued by a foreign corporation if such shares, obligations or bonds have acquired a business situs in the Philippines (i.e. they are used in the furtherance of its business in the Philippines)
  • Shares, rights in any partnership, business or industry established in the Philippines

2. What are excluded from gross estate?

  • GSIS proceeds/ benefits
  • Accruals from SSS
  • Proceeds of life insurance where the beneficiary is irrevocably appointed
  • Proceeds of life insurance under a group insurance taken by employer (not taken out upon his life)
  • War damage payments
  • Transfer by way of bona fide sales
  • Transfer of property to the National Government or to any of its political subdivisions
  • Separate property of the surviving spouse
  • Merger of usufruct in the owner of the naked title
  • Properties held in trust by the decedent
  • Acquisition and/or transfer expressly declared as not taxable

3. What will be used as basis in the valuation of property?

The properties comprising the gross estate shall be valued based on their fair market value as of the time of decedent’s death.

If the property is a real property, the appraised value thereof as of the time of death shall be, whichever is the higher of –

  1.  The fair market value as determined by the Commissioner, or
  2.  The fair market value as shown in the schedule of values fixed by the provincial and city assessors.

In the case of shares of stocks, the fair market value shall depend on whether the shares are listed or unlisted in the stock exchanges. Unlisted common shares are valued based on their book value while unlisted preferred shares are valued at par value. In determining the book value of common shares, appraisal surplus shall not be considered as well as the value assigned to preferred shares, if there are any. On this note, the valuation of unlisted shares shall be exempt from the provisions of RR No. 6-2013, as amended.

For shares which are listed in the stock exchanges, the fair market value shall be the arithmetic mean between the highest and lowest quotation at a date nearest the date of death, if none is available on the date of death itself.

The fair market value of units of participation in any association, recreation or amusement club (such as golf, polo, or similar clubs), shall be the bid price nearest the date of death published in any newspaper or publication of general circulation.

To determine the value of the right to usufruct, use or habitation, as well as that of annuity, there shall be taken into account the probable life of the beneficiary in accordance with the latest basic standard mortality table, to be approved by the Secretary of Finance, upon recommendation of the Insurance Commissioner.(Sec. 5, RR No. 12-2018)

4. What are the allowable deductions for Estate Tax Purposes?

(Please note that the allowable deductions will vary depending on the law applicable at the time of the decedent’s death)

  • For dates of deaths occurring January 1, 2018 to present (RA No. 10963/TRAIN Law)

A. For a citizen or resident alien:

  1. Standard Deduction — An amount equivalent to Five million pesos (₱5,000,000.00)
  2. Claims against the estate -

Requisites for Deductibility of Claims against the Estate –

  • The liability represents a personal obligation of the deceased existing at the time of death;
  • The liability was contracted in good faith and for adequate and full consideration in money’s worth;
  • The claim must be a debt or claim which is valid in law and enforceable in court; and
  • The indebtedness must not have been condoned by the creditor or the action to collect from the decedent must not have prescribed.

3. Claims of the deceased against insolvent persons where the value of the decedent’s interest therein is included in the value of the gross estate

4. Unpaid mortgages, taxes and casualty losses

5. Property previously taxed    -   An amount equal to the value specified below of any property forming part of the gross estate situated in the Philippines of any person who died within five (5) years prior to the death of the decedent, or transferred to the decedent by gift within five (5) years prior to his death, where such property can be identified as having been received by the decedent from the donor by gift, or from such prior decedent by gift, bequest, devise or inheritance, or which can be identified as having been acquired in exchange for property so received:

“One hundred percent (100%) of the value, if the prior decedent died within one (1) year prior to the death of the decedent, or if the property was transferred to him by gift, within the same period prior to his death;

“Eighty percent (80%) of the value, if the prior decedent died more than one (1) year but not more than two (2) years prior to the death of the decedent, or if the property was transferred to him by gift within the same period prior to his death;

“Sixty percent (60%) of the value, if the prior decedent died more than two (2) years but not more than three (3) years prior to the death of the decedent, or if the property was transferred to him by gift within the same period prior to his death;

“Forty percent (40%) of the value, if the prior decedent died more than three (3) years but not more than four (4) years prior to the death of the decedent, or if the property was transferred to him by gift within the same period prior to his death; and

“Twenty percent (20%) of the value, if the prior decedent died more than four (4) years but not more than five (5) years prior to the death of the decedent, or if the property was transferred to him by gift within the same period prior to his death.

“These deductions shall be allowed only where a donor’s tax, or estate tax imposed under Title III of NIRC was finally determined and paid by or on behalf of such donor, or the estate of such prior decedent, as the case may be, and only in the amount finally determined as the value of such property in determining the value of the gift, or the gross estate of such prior decedent, and only to the extent that the value of such property is included in the decedent’s gross estate, and only if in determining the value of the estate of the prior decedent, no deduction was allowable under this item in respect of the property or properties given in exchange therefor. Where a deduction was allowed of any mortgage or other lien in determining the donor’s tax, or the estate tax of the prior decedent, which was paid in whole or in part prior to the decedent’s death, then the deduction allowable this item shall be reduced by the amount so paid. Such deduction allowable shall be reduced by an amount which bears the same ratio to the amounts allowed as deductions under items (2), (3), (4), and (6) of this Subsection as the amount otherwise deductible under this item bears to the value of the decedent’s estate. Where the property referred to consists of two or more items, the aggregate value of such items shall be used for the purpose of computing the deduction.

6. Transfers for Public Use

7. The Family Home -  An amount equivalent to the current fair market value of the decedent’s family home: Provided, however, that if the said current fair market value exceeds Ten million pesos (₱10,000,000.00), the excess shall be subject to estate tax

If the family home is conjugal property and does not exceed (₱10,000,000.00), the allowable deduction is one-half (1/2) of the amount only.

8. Amount Received by Heirs Under Republic Act No. 4917

Any amount received by the heirs from the decedent’s employer as a consequence of the death of the decedent-employee in accordance with Republic Act No. 4917: Provided, that such amount is included in the gross estate of the decedent.

9. Net share of the surviving spouse in the conjugal partnership or community property

B. For a non-resident alien:

1. Standard Deduction – An amount equivalent to Five hundred thousand pesos (₱500,000) 

2. Losses and indebtedness - 

2.1. Claims against the estate
2.2. Claims of the deceased against insolvent persons where the value of the decedent’s interest therein is included in the value of the gross estate
2.3. Unpaid mortgages, taxes and casualty losses

3. Property previously taxed

4. Transfers for Public Use

5. Net share of the surviving spouse in the conjugal partnership or community property

 

  • For deaths occurring January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2017 (RA No. 8424/NIRC of 1997)

A. For a citizen or resident alien:

1. Expenses, Losses, Indebtedness, and Taxes:

  1. Actual funeral expenses (whether paid or unpaid) up to the time of interment, or an amount equal to five percent (5%) of the gross estate, whichever is lower, but in no case to exceed P200,000.
  2. Judicial expenses of the testamentary or intestate proceedings.
  3. Claims against the estate.
  4. Claims of the deceased against insolvent persons where the value of the decedent’s interest therein is included in the value of the gross estate; and,
  5. Unpaid mortgages, taxes and casualty losses

2.  Property previously taxed (Vanishing Deduction) (Section 86 (2) of the NIRC as amended by RA No. 8424) - An amount equal to the value specified below of any property forming a part of the gross estate situated in the Philippines of any person who died within five (5) years prior to the death of the decedent, or transferred to the decedent by gift within five (5) years prior to his death, where such property can be identified as having been received by the decedent from the donor by gift, or from such prior decedent by gift, bequest, devise or inheritance, or which can be identified as having been acquired in exchange for property so received:

One hundred percent (100%) of the value, if the prior decedent died within one (1) year prior to the death of the decedent, or if the property was transferred to him by gift within the same period prior to his death;

Eighty percent (80%) of the value, if the prior decedent died more than one (1) year but not more than two (2) years prior to the death of the decedent, or if the property was transferred to him by gift within the same period prior to his death;

Sixty percent (60%) of the value, if the prior decedent died more than two (2) years but not more than three (3) years prior to the death of the decedent, or if the property was transferred to him by gift within the same period prior to his death;

Forty percent (40%) of the value, if the prior decedent died more than three (3) years but not more than four (4) years prior to the death of the decedent, or if the property was transferred to him by gift within the same period prior to his death; and

Twenty percent (20%) of the value, if the prior decedent died more than four (4) years but not more than five (5) years prior to the death of the decedent, or if the property was transferred to him by gift within the same period prior to his death;

These deductions shall be allowed only where a donor’s tax or estate tax imposed was finally determined and paid by or on behalf of such donor, or the estate of such prior decedent, as the case may be, and only in the amount finally determined as the value of such property in determining the value of the gift, or the gross estate of such prior decedent, and only to the extent that the value of such property is included in the decedent’s gross estate, and only if in determining the value of the estate of the prior decedent, no Property Previously Taxed or Vanishing Deduction was allowable in respect of the property or properties given in exchange therefor. (Section 6 & 7 of RR No. 2-2003)

3.  Transfers for public use

4.  The family home - fair market value but not to exceed P1,000,000.00

The family home refers to the dwelling house, including the land on which it is situated, where the husband and wife, or a head of the family, and members of their family reside, as certified to by the Barangay Captain of the locality. The family home is deemed constituted on the house and lot from the time it is actually occupied as a family residence and is considered as such for as long as any of its beneficiaries actually resides therein. (Arts. 152 and 153, Family Code)

5.  Standard deduction – A deduction in the amount of One Million Pesos (P1,000,000.00) shall be allowed as an additional deduction without need of substantiation.

6. Medical expenses – All medical expenses (cost of medicines, hospital bills, doctor’s fees, etc.) incurred (whether paid or unpaid) within one (1) year before the death of the decedent shall be allowed as a deduction provided that the same are duly substantiated with official receipts. For services rendered by the decedent’s attending physicians, invoices, statements of account duly certified by the hospital, and such other documents in support thereof and provided, further, that the total amount thereof, whether paid or unpaid, does not exceed Five Hundred Thousand Pesos (P500,000).

7. Amount received by heirs under RA No. 4917 - Any amount received by the heirs from the decedent’s employer as a consequence of the death of the decedent-employee in accordance with Republic Act No. 4917 is allowed as a deduction provided that the amount of the separation benefit is included as part of the gross estate of the decedent.

8.  Net share of the surviving spouse in the conjugal partnership or community property

B. For a non-resident alien:

1.  Expenses, losses, indebtedness and taxes

2.  Property previously taxed

3.  Transfers for public use

4.  Net share of the surviving spouse in the conjugal partnership or community property

No deduction shall be allowed in the case of a non-resident decedent not a citizen of the Philippines, unless the executor, administrator, or anyone of the heirs, as the case may be, includes in the return required to be filed in the Section 90 of the Code the value at the time of the decedent’s death of that part of his gross estate not situated in the Philippines.

5. What does the term "Funeral Expenses" include?  

The term "FUNERAL EXPENSES" is not confined to its ordinary or usual meaning. They include:

  1. The mourning apparel of the surviving spouse and unmarried minor children of the deceased bought and used on the occasion of the burial;
  2. Expenses for the deceased’s wake, including food and drinks;
  3. Publication charges for death notices;
  4. Telecommunication expenses incurred in informing relatives of the deceased;
  5. Cost of burial plot, tombstones, monument or mausoleum but not their upkeep. In case the deceased owns a family estate or several burial lots, only the value corresponding to the plot where he is buried is deductible;
  6. Interment and/or cremation fees and charges; and
  7. All other expenses incurred for the performance of the rites and ceremonies incident to interment.

Expenses incurred after the interment, such as for prayers, masses, entertainment, or the like are not deductible. Any portion of the funeral and burial expenses borne or defrayed by relatives and friends of the deceased are not deductible. Actual funeral expenses shall mean those which are actually incurred in connection with the interment or burial of the deceased. The expenses must be duly supported by official receipts or invoices or other evidence to show that they were actually incurred. (Sec 6 (A)(1) of RR 2-2003)

6.  What does the term "Judicial Expenses" include?

Expenses allowed as deduction under this category are those incurred in the inventory-taking of assets comprising the gross estate, their administration, the payment of debts of the estate, as well as the distribution of the estate among the heirs. In short, these deductible items are expenses incurred during the settlement of the estate but not beyond the last day prescribed by law, or the extension thereof, for the filing of the estate tax return. Judicial expenses may include:

  1. Fees of executor or administrator;
  2. Attorney’s fees;
  3. Court fees;
  4. Accountant’s fees;
  5. Appraiser’s fees;
  6. Clerk hire;
  7. Costs of preserving and distributing the estate;
  8. Costs of storing or maintaining property of the estate; and
  9. Brokerage fees for selling property of the estate.

Any unpaid amount for the aforementioned cost and expenses claimed under “Judicial Expenses” should be supported by a sworn statement of account issued and signed by the creditor. (Sec 6 (A)(2) of RR 2-2003)


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