BIR Form 1701Q - Quarterly Income Tax Return
Guidelines and Instructions
 

Who Shall File

This return shall be filed in triplicate by the following individuals
regardless of amount of gross income:

1) A resident citizen engaged in trade, business, or practice of
profession within and without the Philippines.
2) A resident alien, non-resident citizen or non-resident alien
individual engaged in trade, business or practice of profession 
within the Philippines.
3) A trustee of a trust, guardian of a minor, executor/administrator
of an estate, or any person acting in any fiduciary capacity for any
person, where such trust, estate, minor, or person is engaged in
trade or business.

An individual whose sole income has been subjected to final 
withholding tax, or who is exempt from income tax pursuant to the Tax Code and other laws, is not required to file an income tax return. 

Married individuals shall file a return for the taxable year to include the income of both spouses, computing separately their individual income tax based on their respective total taxable income. Where it is impracticable for the spouses to file one return, each spouse may file a separate return of income. If any income cannot be definitely attributed to or identified as income exclusively earned or realized by either of the spouses, the same shall be divided equally between the spouses for the purpose of determining their respective taxable income. 

The income of unmarried minors derived from property received from a living parent shall be included in the return of the parent except (1) when the donorís tax has been paid on such property, or (2) when the transfer of such property is exempt from donorís tax. 

If the taxpayer is unable to make his own return, the return may be
made by his duly authorized agent or representative or by the guardian or other person charged with the care of his person or property, the principal and his representative or guardian assuming the responsibility of making the return and incurring penalties provided for erroneous, false or fraudulent returns. 

Compensation income need not be reported in the Quarterly Income 
Tax Return. The same shall be reported in the Annual Income Tax Return
only.

When and Where to File

The return of the taxpayers shall be filed as follows:

1st qtr On or before April 15 of the current taxable year 
2nd qtr. On or before August 15 of the current taxable year 
3rd qtr. On or before November 15 of the current  taxable year 

The income tax return shall be filed with any Authorized Agent Bank
(AAB) located within the territorial jurisdiction of the Revenue District Office where the taxpayer is required to register/where the taxpayer has his legal residence or place of business in the Philippines. In places where there are no AABs, the return shall be filed directly with the Revenue Collection Officer or duly Authorized City or Municipal Treasurer of the Revenue District Office where the taxpayer is required to register/where the taxpayer has his legal residence or place of business in the Philippines, the return shall be filed with the Office of Commissioner or Revenue District Office No. 39, South Quezon City.

(It is suggested, however, that the tax return be filed with the appropriate collection agent of the Revenue District Office where the taxpayer is required to register.)

 

When and Where to Pay

Upon filing of his return, the estimated tax due shall be paid to the Authorized Agent Bank (AAB) where the return is filed. In places where there are no AABs, payments shall be made directly to the Revenue Collection Officer or Duly Authorized City or Municipal Treasurer who shall issue Revenue Official Receipt (BIR Form 2524) therefore.

 Where the return is filed with an AAB, the lower portion of the return must be properly machine-validated and stamped by the Authorized Agent Bank to serve as the receipt of payment. The machine validation shall reflect the date of payment, amount paid and transaction code, and the stamp mark shall show the name of the bank, branch code, tellerís name and tellerís initial. The AAB shall also issue an official receipt or bank debit advice or credit document, whichever is applicable, as additional proof of payment. 

Estimated Income Tax Liability

The taxpayers specified above shall make and file a declaration of his estimated income for the current period from which he shall derive his estimated tax.

Penalties

There shall be imposed and collected as part of the tax:
1.A surcharge of twenty five percent (25%) for each of the following violations:

a.Failure to file any return and pay the amount of tax or installment due on or before the due date;

b.Unless otherwise authorized by the Commissioner, filing a return with a person or office other than those with whom it is required to be filed;

c.Failure to pay the full or part of the amount of tax shown on the return, or the full amount of tax due for which no return is required to be filed on or before the due date;

d. Failure to pay the deficiency tax within the time prescribed for its payment in the notice of assessment.


2.A surcharge of fifty percent (50%) of the tax or of the deficiency tax, in case any payment has been made on the basis of such return before the discovery of the falsity or fraud, for each of the following violations:

a. Willful neglect to file the return within the period prescribed by the Code or by rules and regulations; or

b. In case a false or fraudulent return is willfully made.


3.Interest at the rate of twenty percent (20%) per annum, or such higher rate as may be prescribed by rules and regulations, on any unpaid amount of tax, from the date prescribed for the payment until the amount is fully paid.


4.Compromise penalty.

Attachments Required

1.Certificate of Income Payments not Subject to Withholding Tax (BIR Form 2304), if applicable;
2.Certificate of Creditable Tax Withheld at Source (BIR Form 2307), if applicable;
3. Duly Approved Tax Debit Memo, if applicable.


ENCS